Types Of Fishing Gear

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The quality and price of fishery products are determined by different factors, such as the type of fleet (height or lowness) or fishing gear with which the product in question has been captured. The type of fleet inflows in the price of the product. The same product caught by inshore fishing that catches and returns during the day usually has a higher price than that same fish product per fleet of height that takes longer to disembark.

Types Of Fishing Gear
Types Of Fishing Gear

What Exactly Makes A Fishing Gear

And also the art of fishing is another element that influences the price. In fact, there are species that can be caught by various fishing gear, such as hake. A hake caught with a skewer, which is captured one by one and disembarked daily, has a higher quality and therefore may have a higher price.

Fishing gear is neither good nor bad, all of them can be sustainable as long as they comply with the fishing regulations, where they regulate how, where and when can be used up to the size of mesh light. Each fishing gear is designed for the species it captures, and these are the most commonly used:

Longlines As Fishing Gear

 It consists of a mainline parallel to the bottom to which many branches are tied with baited hooks with the carnage that attract the fish by the smell of the bait. It is a very selective fishing. Species it catches swordfish, tuna, marsh, palometa, grouper, etc.

Background Drag

 They are arts of the active type, that work towed by one or two boats. It consists of a large funnel-shaped mesh bag that advances along the bottom thrown by the ship. Species it captures flounder, flounder, hake, cod, scallops, clams, shrimp, crayfish, etc.

Fence A Fishing Gear

 It consists of deploying a network forming a semicircle that will surround the school of fish that is attracted by the lights of the boat. The main vessel is called traíña a, which will be the one that closes the semicircle, catching the fish. Species that it captures: horse mackerel, mackerel, sardine, anchovy, tuna, Melva, etc.


It involves fencing a school of fish with a net wall that is parallel to the coast and whose mesh light is so small that the target species are trapped, but not entangled. Both ends of the network have long drag cables. Species that capture: the variety of coastal and pelagic fish such as sargo or palometa.

Gill or Gill Net 

A vertical rig that is arranged between two drinks of water or at the bottom, in which the fish are caught in the mesh light by the gills. Species it captures cod, sole, snorer, snapper, tuna, mackerel, salmon, squid, etc.


It is the most traditional gillnet network art, which is formed by three overlapping net cloths in which the fish get entangled while trying to cross them. Species that capture: mollusks (sepia and octopus), crustaceans (lobster, lobster, crab, spider crab) and fish such as stripe, eel, brunette, grouper, mullet, etc.

Traps (Nasas, Almadraba)

They are passive fishing methods based on a network of nets or compartments where fish can enter, but not leave. The pots are containers that narrow in the form of funnels where the dams are trapped, and the traps are composed of a cable frame with floats on the surface and fixed at the bottom with anchors that allow the verticality of the networks that hang from the cables. Species it captures: with nasas, octopus, spider crab, lobster, nécora, lobster, etc. and with almadraba, mainly bluefin tuna.

Types Of Fishing Gear
Types Of Fishing Gear

Trolling, Lines And Hooks

Fish’s attraction to the hook is by visual stimuli. This is true for both natural or of artificial bait. The latter can prey on organisms such as lures, spoon hooks, worms, etc. A line with one or several hooks are in use at the end. So, the fish must actually bite it for one to catch it. Species it captures mackerel, tuna, Melva, salmon, sea bass, squid, etc.

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